By: Morgan Grant, CEI Intern
Editor’s Note: Youth and others are gathering this Saturday, March 24, for the Protest to Live marches and rallies. This protest brings a ray of hope that it may lead to much needed actions to reduce school shootings. In this blog, Morgan Grant explores other actions that are also needed.
But, what can educators and schools do? Many schools are also now conducting safety drills where students and teachers practice barricading doors, hiding under desks and lock-in options. Although sometimes it may be better to flee the building. These are tough calls and policies and protocols are still evolving.
Some schools have already implemented useful programs that provide an open space for students to discuss their fears and thoughts about gun violence. These initiatives focus on empowering students by using key aspects of social emotional learning to learn to manage their emotions, and learn self-restraint, persistence, and self-awareness. Since some research has shown that school shooters, as well as school bullies, often feel alienated and isolated, programs use strategies to help students understand more about themselves, regulate their emotions, and also heighten compassion and empathy within schools. Below we have reviewed three school programs that are making a positive impact.
Positive peer relationships
Promoting a peaceful school culture
Restorative discipline, a collaborative, dialogue driven approach to establishing deeper and more meaningful relationships and reduce punitive discipline practices. (Unruh, 2017; Ward, 2017).
New York. ReACTION, created by the New Yorkers Against Gun Fund, is a youth program for middle and high school students that promotes education and leadership to train students to become peer mentors. The objective of this year-long program is to reduce gun violence in these communities. The program educates students about gun violence and the dangerous effects of bullying and exclusion. ReACTION is known for combining elements of a lecture style presentation and everyday conversation to provide a safe space for students to share their thoughts.
The program focuses on:
Peer conflict resolution
Project management and teamwork
As of now, reACTION is used in New York City schools and the students who join the program have primarily been affected by gun violence. Students who have graduated from the reACTION program state that they feel empowered to better their communities (New Yorkers Against Gun Violence Education Fund, 2013).
Connecticut. “Think about how you’re feeling this morning, we’re going to do our morning circle, you’re going to tell me how you’re feeling and why,’ says Amanda to her students.
In Amanda Finch’s classroom at Sandy Hook Elementary, students routinely share their feelings in a morning circle group. Prior to the circle, students have self-identified their emotions using a colored-coded stick system (DesRoches, 2017).
In response to the 2012 school shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School, some schools have begun to work closely with the Jesse Lewis Choose Love Foundation to provide educators with a free social emotional learning curriculum. This program was created with evidence-based research that highly suggests that making the conscious effort to be compassionate reduces the likelihood of violence. The goal of the program is for students to recognize and understand their emotions in order to express them in a healthy manner.
Through the Jesse Lewis Choose Love program students learn to:
Cope with stress
Express their feelings to others
Make responsible choices
Set positive and realistic goals
Create meaningful relationships
Currently the program has been downloaded over 2,789 times, and used in classrooms nationwide and over 50 countries (DesRoches, 2017; Jesse Lewis Choose Love Foundation, 2017).
A Few Minutes a Day
With the number of school shootings, bullying incidents and other acts of violence, what do educators have to lose by trying these techniques? What initiatives can educators implement in their own classrooms to help empower students and reduce fears of gun violence? How can community resources be used to develop school-wide social emotional learning programs?
DesRoches, D. (2017). Five years after Sandy Hook shooting, social and emotional learning programs thrive in schools. WNPR.
Hansen, M. (2018). There are ways to make schools safer and teachers stronger-but they don’t involve guns. Brookings.
Hennessy-Fiske, M. (2018). As gun debate roils on, teachers in this Texas school are already armed. Los Angeles Times.
Jesse Lewis Choose Love Foundation. (2017). Jesse Lewis Choose Love Movement.
Melton, G. D. (2018). One teacher’s brilliant strategy to stop future school shootings. Reader’s Digest.
Mulvahill, E. (2017). 21 ways teachers can integrate social-emotional learning. We Are Teachers.
New Yorkers Against Gun Violence Education Fund. (2013). How does reACTION work? NYAGV.
Unruh, J. (2017). Mindfulness at the center of South Side school’s education. WGN9.
Ward, J. (2017). South side school using new approach for kids facing violence and poverty. DNAinfo.